Flunitrazepam is one of the benzodiazepines. It has a calming, muscle relaxant and reduces anxiety. Doctors prescribe it for insomnia. Insomnia Symptoms Insomnia is referred to when someone has been sleeping poorly for some time and therefore does not function properly during the day. Sleeping problems often arise from stress or worry. But physical complaints such as pain or itching can also cause insomnia. Treatment If you come to your doctor with sleep problems, the doctor will usually not prescribe a sedative immediately. The doctor will first try to remedy the cause of the sleep complaints. For example with a painkiller if you suffer from pain. Or with soothing advice if you stay awake mainly due to worrying. Some of these advices are:
- Exercise during the day or early in the evening.
- Do something relaxing an hour before going to sleep.
- Don’t take naps during the day.
- Keep a steady rhythm during the time you go to bed and get up.
- Do not have coffee in the evening.
- Do not take alcohol to sleep.
- Do not take solid food for two to three hours before going to bed.
- Provide a quiet, cool bedroom and a nice bed.
- Do not use the bedroom as a work, study or TV room.
- If you can’t sleep, get up and do something else in another room. Do not go back to bed until you are tired.
If these measures do not help or are not possible for you, the doctor may prescribe this medicine for a few days. Operation Flunitrazepam Flunitrazepam has a muscle relaxant, calming effect and makes drowsy. It thus promotes that you fall asleep. This medicine is especially suitable if you have difficulty falling asleep and if you expect to wake up often during the night. Effect of Flunitrazepam You will become sleepy and calm within fifteen to thirty minutes after taking it. Therefore, make sure that you are at home, do not have to do complicated jobs and can easily reach your bed. The effect lasts for at least eight hours. This sleeping aid only works well if you use it occasionally, for example every three days. With daily use, the effect decreases as your body gets used to the effect.
Side effects Flunitrazepam
The main side effects are the following. Regularly, sometimes even the next day
- Drowsiness, drowsiness and fatigue. This reduces your ability to react and concentrate, which increases the risk of accidents. Accidents can also occur, for example, in traffic, when climbing a ladder or operating equipment or during surveillance and control activities. But you are also more likely to fall if you have to get out of bed at night to go to the toilet, for example.
Sometimes, even the next day
- Impaired coordination. This may make you clumsy in your movements and have difficulty speaking (articulating) clearly.
- Muscle weakness, feeling of weakness in muscles. This side effect can cause other complaints, such as: Blurred or double vision, due to a temporary effect on the eye muscles. Urinary incontinence or difficulty in passing urine. These side effects are caused by insufficient control of the bladder muscle. Snoring due to the weakening of the uvula. During your sleep, have you ever had problems with your breath stopping for a short time (sleep apnea)? You may be more affected by this medicine. Contact your doctor if you notice this. Fall, mainly because this drug also decreases coordination. Especially the elderly and people with muscle diseases have a chance of this. People with myasthenia gravis (a serious muscle disease) may be more prone to this disease. Consult your doctor if symptoms worsen (such as general muscle weakness, double vision,
- Slower thinking, memory problems, difficulty concentrating, less alert, confusion. These complaints may increase if you use this medicine for a longer period of time.
- Decrease feelings: this drug not only flattens emotions such as fear and tension, but also positive ones such as happiness and satisfaction. Your involvement and empathy for others can also diminish.
- Gastrointestinal disorders, such as nausea, constipation and diarrhea, dry mouth or extra saliva and problems swallowing. Changed appetite: more or less appetite. This also changes body weight.
- Headache and dizziness. These side effects usually go away after some time as you get used to the drug.
- Sweating and palpitations.
- Dry eyes. Especially people with contact lenses can suffer from dry eyes.
- Rash and itching. Usually this is harmless, but (very rarely) the symptoms can be serious. If the rash looks unusual, if it affects you, or if you also develop a fever or blisters, see your doctor.
- Dependency. You may experience withdrawal symptoms if you stop taking it. The chance of this is very small with short-term use. People who use this medicine daily for longer than two weeks have a high chance of this. Therefore, always taper off gradually if you have been taking this medicine daily for more than two weeks.
- Reduced effectiveness if you use this drug every day for more than two weeks. The medicine then no longer works or works less well for sleeping. Therefore, use this medication only occasionally or for periods of up to two weeks.
- Nightmares, usually in the early morning.
- Unrest and irritability. So opposite symptoms than you would expect from this drug. Delusions and hallucinations can also occur. Children and the elderly are especially susceptible to these side effects. Consult the doctor in case of these symptoms. A lower dose or a different drug may be needed.
- Memory loss of events that occur while you are taking this drug. For example, night events.
- Depressed feelings can be revealed.
- Less sex drive.
Consult your doctor if you experience too much of any of the above side effects or if you experience any other side effects that you are concerned about.
When? Take it one to half an hour before you want to go to sleep. Only take it if you have at least eight hours to sleep after taking it. If you have to wake up before then, you will still be too bothered by the narcotic effect. How long? If you use this medicine once in a while, it can help you sleep well. If you use it almost every night, the effect will disappear after a few weeks. Therefore, only use it in special situations. With daily use for more than two weeks, you run the risk of ‘withdrawal insomnia’. Your body expects the effect of this drug to help you fall asleep. Therefore only use it occasionally and never more than a few days in a row. In any case, don’t use it for longer than four weeks in a row.
eat everything? There are no restrictions for this with this medication.